Manchester United account refinancing of senior secured debt

Manchester United has announced a refinancing of the club’s debt, the notes were issued by MU Finance plc, a subsidiary which houses the clubs financing. All outstanding 8.375% senior secured notes due 2017 to be redeemed with funding provided by issuance of new 3.79% senior secured notes due 2027.

The original 8.375% notes were issued as part of the clubs 2010 refinancing, in which the club refinanced approximately $675m of which the notes represented approximately $425m. The Glazers’ contentious leveraged buyout of the club layered an estimated £600m in debt onto the club in 2005, with the interest rate peaking in 2010 at 16.25% due to a default. Since then the Glazers have been able to take advantage of the loose credit environment and gradually refinance the debt to much more manageable rates.

Redemption of the old notes is contingent upon the completion of the new note issuance. The club expects the transaction to close around June 26, 2015 and reduce net interest payments by ~$10m a year.

Manchester United account refinancing of senior secured debt

Manchester United IPO moves east (again), cuts deal size 90%

Manchester United Football Club has filed a registration statement with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for the sale of up to $100m worth of securities. The Glazers had been pursuing a listing on the Singapore Exchange for the better part of a year but their focus seems to have shifted to the American market.  The club disclosed a planned listing on the New York Stock Exchange on July 3rd.

Part of the reason for the journey eastward is likely the better performance of the US markets relative to any of the alternatives.

This past year the London FTSE and Singapore EWS have fallen by about 5% and 9% respectively, whereas the S&P500 has gained 2%. Instability in the European and Asian regions is a likely impetus for the Glazers to move the offering to the (relatively) calmer United States.

But aside from the change of venue the most significant (and surprising) detail of the new listing is the reduced deal size. A year ago the Glazers were targeting an ambitious $1bn (£641m) raise to reduce United’s debt load.  A $100m (£64m) deal represents a 90% reduction from that original target and a far cry from the original pay down of the remaining $648m (£416m) debt that supporters were hoping for.

So with the offering unlikely to take a significant bite out of the long-term debt load what is the motivation? Simply put United needs cash. Now. The latest cash flow statement for the years 2009-2011 is below:

I will save a full-on analysis for another post, but a quick eyeball tells us that financing and transfer costs are sucking up most of the cash the club is producing. The repayment of the Payment-in-Kind (PIK) loans in 2011 was an extraordinary event which significantly drew down cash balances as accrued unpaid interest on the notes was settled. After a busy 2012 transfer window and some disappointing performances United’s cash balance has been further drained to a mere $39m (£25m) as of March 31, 2012.

If we look at the contractual obligations of the club in the next four years United has approximately $382m (£245m) worth of obligations to fulfill:

The Long-term debt obligations remains the largest category but Purchase obligations (deferred payments on players) is the second largest cost and is likely to increase as the club continues to invest in new players.

Bottom line? A $100m (£64m) raise is probably the bare minimum the club needs at this point to handle financing payments, investment in club facilities, and squad rebuilding while maintaining a comfortable cash cushion. Regarding the choice of a US listing, stability and prospect of market performance was a factor but the decision was also likely affected by the change in deal size. Unable to get a larger, single shot offering done in Asia the club is likely to try smaller offerings over a longer period of time, a strategy which requires access to the much deeper capital markets of the US.

…It is probably also to the Glazers liking that, should the need arise, their ownership in United can be cashed out in their home currency of USD.

GBPUSD Rate throughout this article = 1.5598

Manchester United IPO moves east (again), cuts deal size 90%

Summing Up the Manchester United IPO

So what happened to all the Manchester United IPO chatter? Last we heard the Glazers were in the middle of trying to price a deal in Singapore to sell between 25-33% of the club into the market.

The market indigestion of last fall, caused by the unpalatable downgrade of the United States’ credit rating and exacerbated by Europe’s continuing refusal to eat its peas, dropped these plans straight into the tank. Since then equity and credit markets have largely recovered their losses and are off to their best start to a year since 1994. I updated the graphic from last time to show market performance and some key events which have occurred since:

As it is likely that the Red Devil IPO-talk will start cooking again I thought it might be valuable to review the background and details of the transaction.

Continue reading “Summing Up the Manchester United IPO”

Summing Up the Manchester United IPO

The Cost of Manchester United’s European Exit

How much revenue will Manchester United lose by going out of the 2011-12 Champions League? Excel boredom follows:

So in the worst case United will earn €13m less than their 2010-11 European campaign in addition to the loss of five matches of revenue. In the case of a run to the final and a win United will earn €9.7m less plus the benefit of two extra matches.

As a note these figures are based off of 2010-11 payments as UEFA does not release figures (to the public at least) until after the season is over. For a great breakdown of the 2010-11 distribution of UEFA European League money check out Avoiding the Drop.

The Cost of Manchester United’s European Exit